Black Tern

Chlidonias niger - Guifette noire

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Charadriiformes

  • Family
    :

    Laridés

  • Genus
    :

    Chlidonias

  • Species
    :

    niger

Descriptor

Linnaeus, 1758

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 28 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 57 à 65 cm.
  • Weight
    : 50 à 75 g
Longevity

17 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger) is a species of bird in the Laridae family.

Subspecific information 2 Subspecies

  • Chlidonias niger niger (Europe to c Asia)
  • Chlidonias niger surinamensis (Canada, n USA)

Foreign names

  • Guifette noire,
  • Fumarel Común,
  • Gaivina-preta,
  • Trauerseeschwalbe,
  • Kormos szerkő,
  • Zwarte Stern,
  • Mignattino comune,
  • Svarttärna,
  • Svartterne,
  • čorík čierny,
  • rybák černý,
  • Sortterne,
  • mustatiira,
  • Swartsterretjie,
  • fumarell negre,
  • Kolþerna,
  • rybitwa czarna,
  • melnais zīriņš,
  • črna čigra,
  • Чёрная крачка,
  • ハシグロクロハラアジサシ,
  • 黑浮鸥,
  • 黑浮鷗,

Voice song and cries

Habitat

Wetlands (inland) : Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands, Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha), Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha), Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools ; Marine Neritic : Pelagic, Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs, Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel, Subtidal Sandy, Subtidal Sandy-Mud, Macroalgal/Kelp, Seagrass (Submerged), Estuaries ; Marine Oceanic : Epipelagic (0-200m), Mesopelagic (200-1000m) ; Marine Coastal/Supratidal : Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes, Coastal Freshwater Lakes ; Artificial/Aquatic and Marine : Wastewater Treatment Areas, Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land

Geographic range

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

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