Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus fuscus - Goéland brun

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Charadriiformes

  • Family
    :

    Laridés

  • Genus
    :

    Larus

  • Species
    :

    fuscus

Descriptor

Linnaeus, 1758

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 61 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 124 à 127 cm.
  • Weight
    : 650 à 1000 g
Longevity

26 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) is a species of bird in the Laridae family.

Subspecific information 5 Subspecies

  • Larus fuscus graellsii (Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Is., w Europe)
  • Larus fuscus intermedius (Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, sw Sweden and w Norway)
  • Larus fuscus fuscus (n Norway, Sweden and Finland to the White Sea)
  • Larus fuscus heuglini (n Russia to nc Siberia)
  • Larus fuscus barabensis (c Asia)

Foreign names

  • Goéland brun,
  • Gaviota Sombría,
  • Gaivota-de-asa-escura,
  • Heringsmöwe,
  • heringsirály,
  • Kleine Mantelmeeuw,
  • Zafferano,
  • Silltrut,
  • Sildemåke,
  • čajka tmavá,
  • racek žlutonohý,
  • Sildemåge,
  • selkälokki,
  • Kleinswartrugmeeu,
  • gavià fosc,
  • Sílamáfur,
  • mewa żółtonoga,
  • reņģu kaija,
  • rjavi galeb,
  • Клуша,
  • ニシセグロカモメ,
  • 小黑背鸥,
  • นกนางนวลหลังดำเล็ก,
  • 小黑背鷗〔灰林銀鷗〕,

Voice song and cries

Habitat

Grassland : Temperate ; Wetlands (inland) : Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls), Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands, Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha), Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) ; Marine Neritic : Pelagic, Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs, Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel, Subtidal Sandy, Subtidal Sandy-Mud, Macroalgal/Kelp, Seagrass (Submerged), Estuaries ; Marine Oceanic : Epipelagic (0-200m), Mesopelagic (200-1000m) ; Marine Intertidal : Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc ; Marine Coastal/Supratidal : Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands, Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes, Coastal Freshwater Lakes ; Artificial/Terrestrial : Arable Land, Pastureland, Urban Areas ; Artificial/Aquatic and Marine : Water Storage Areas (over 8ha), Excavations (open), Wastewater Treatment Areas, Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches

Geographic range

Illustration

plus de photos

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

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