Merlin

Falco columbarius - Faucon émerillon

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Falconiformes

  • Family
    :

    Falconidés

  • Genus
    :

    Falco

  • Species
    :

    columbarius

Descriptor

Linnaeus, 1758

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 33 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 50 à 67 cm.
  • Weight
    : 150 à 300 g
Longevity

11 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Merlin (Falco columbarius) is a species of bird in the Falconidae family.

Subspecific information 9 Subspecies

  • Falco columbarius subaesalon (Iceland)
  • Falco columbarius aesalon (Europe to nw Siberia)
  • Falco columbarius insignis (nc Siberia)
  • Falco columbarius pacificus (ne Asia)
  • Falco columbarius pallidus (steppes of wc Asia)
  • Falco columbarius lymani (mountains of ec Asia)
  • Falco columbarius columbarius (Alaska to Newfoundland to n USA)
  • Falco columbarius suckleyi (se Alaska to n Washington. USA.)
  • Falco columbarius richardsonii (c and sc Canada to nc USA)

Foreign names

  • Faucon émerillon,
  • Esmerejón,
  • Esmerilhão,
  • Merlin,
  • Kis sólyom,
  • Smelleken,
  • Smeriglio,
  • Stenfalk,
  • Dvergfalk,
  • sokol kobec,
  • dřemlík tundrový,
  • Dværgfalk,
  • ampuhaukka,
  • esmerla,
  • Smyrill,
  • drzemlik,
  • purva piekūns,
  • mali sokol,
  • Дербник,
  • コチョウゲンボウ,
  • 灰背隼,
  • เหยี่ยวเมอร์ลิน,
  • 灰背隼,

Voice song and cries

Faucon émerillon
♀ Second

Habitat

Forest : Boreal, Temperate ; Shrubland : Boreal, Temperate ; Grassland : Tundra, Temperate ; Marine Intertidal : Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) ; Artificial/Terrestrial : Urban Areas

Geographic range

Illustration

plus de photos

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

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