Abyssinian Roller

Coracias abyssinicus - Rollier d'Abyssinie

Rollier d'Abyssinie
First year
Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Coraciiformes

  • Family
    :

    Coraciidés

  • Genus
    :

    Coracias

  • Species
    :

    abyssinicus

Descriptor

Hermann, 1783

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 31 cm
  • Wingspan
    : -
  • Weight
    : 99 à 140 g
Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult plum. breeding
Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult

The Abyssinian Roller, like all rollers, is probably one of the birds that every ornithologist or photographer loves to encounter, impossible to miss, its size ranges from 28 to 31 cm (42 cm with its two rectrices!). Its colorful plumage attracts the eye: the forehead and chin are white, the black eye is marked with a sharp black loral line that goes to a strong, also black beak. Its nape is blue-turquoise, the mantle and scapulae are brown, when the bird is in flight, three different shades of blue are distinctly seen on the top of the wings: the small and medium coverts are blue-marine, the large coverts and primary coverts are blue-turquoise, and finally the primaries become a very deep blue-marine. Still in flight, but seen from below, only two colors remain, blue-turquoise for the underwing and blue-marine for the primaries. The blue-turquoise chest is marked with faint white stripes and the belly becomes very light blue-azure. The tail is blue-marine, almost black in the center and blue-turquoise on the edges, and finally the Abyssinian Roller's last stroke of vanity: two large black rectrices which make the bird appear larger. The short tarses are pale gray.

Subspecific information monotypic species

Foreign names

  • Rollier d'Abyssinie,
  • Carraca abisinia,
  • rolieiro-da-abissínia,
  • Senegalracke,
  • fecskefarkú szalakóta,
  • Sahelscharrelaar,
  • Ghiandaia marina abissina,
  • savannblåkråka,
  • Sahelråke,
  • krakľa pláštiková,
  • mandelík sahelský,
  • Savanne-ellekrage,
  • abessiniansininärhi,
  • gaig blau d'Etiòpia,
  • Álfahrani,
  • kraska abisyńska,
  • garastes zilvārna,
  • abesinska zlatovranka,
  • Абиссинская сизоворонка,
  • オナガニシブッポウソウ,
  • 蓝头佛法僧,
  • 藍頭佛法僧,

Voice song and cries

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult

The Abyssinian Roller cries rather than sings. It announces its presence with sudden kwrèèèèhs, and while in flight it emits rapid, repeated keks.

Habitat

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult plum. breeding

He likes wooded areas with alternations of meadows or open stretches, the savannahs. He can often be found near crops and dwellings.

Behaviour character trait

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult

Often perched in tall trees, on electric wires and posts along roads, very territorial especially during nesting season even towards humans.

Dietfeeding habits

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult

The Abyssinian Roller mainly feeds on all kinds of insects and caterpillars typically diving from a tree or other perch onto the insect, but is also capable of catching prey in flight. It can gather in groups of up to twenty individuals and follow herds of wild ruminants such as antelopes to take advantage of the insects flying nearby.

Reproduction nesting

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult

The Abyssinian Roller goes to make its nest in tree holes, sometimes in old termite mounds. It can also be seen nesting in uninhabited houses. The breeding season goes from February to July, with a clutch of 2 to 4 eggs.

Geographic range

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult

The Abyssinian Roller occupies a central fringe of Africa from Senegal and The Gambia all the way to Ethiopia and Sudan. It crosses the Red Sea and it can also be found in Yemen and Saudi Arabia.

Threats - protection

Rollier d'Abyssinie
adult
IUCN conservation status
Extinct
Threatened
Least
concern
Extinc
in the Wild
Near
threatened
Not
evaluated
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC NE

The Abyssinian Roller is not in danger and is quite content with the proximity of humans, it is often seen in the suburbs of cities.

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

QRcode Rollier d'AbyssinieSpecification sheet created on 30/07/2023 by
Translation by AI Oiseaux.net
published: - Updated: 15-05-2013
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