Western Barn Owl

Tyto alba - Effraie des clochers

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Strigiformes

  • Family
    :

    Tytonidés

  • Genus
    :

    Tyto

  • Species
    :

    alba

Descriptor

Scopoli, 1769

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 44 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 85 à 93 cm.
  • Weight
    : 220 g
Longevity

13 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Western Barn Owl (Tyto alba) is a species of bird in the Tytonidae family.

Subspecific information 22 Subspecies

  • Tyto alba alba (nw Africa, w and s Europe to the Balkans)
  • Tyto alba guttata (c Europe and e Balkans to the Ukraine)
  • Tyto alba ernesti (Corsica and Sardinia)
  • Tyto alba erlangeri (Crete and Cyprus through the Middle East to s Iran)
  • Tyto alba schmitzi (Madeira)
  • Tyto alba gracilirostris (e Canary Is.)
  • Tyto alba detorta (Cape Verde Is.)
  • Tyto alba poensis (Africa south of the Sahara, Bioko I.. Gulf of Guinea.)
  • Tyto alba thomensis (São Tomé I.. Gulf of Guinea.)
  • Tyto alba hypermetra (Comoro Is. and Madagascar)
  • Tyto alba pratincola (s Canada and ne USA to e Nicaragua, Hispaniola, Bermuda, Bahama Is.)
  • Tyto alba guatemalae (w Guatemala to Panama and n Colombia)
  • Tyto alba bondi (Bay Is.. off n Honduras.)
  • Tyto alba niveicauda (Isle of Pines. off Cuba.)
  • Tyto alba furcata (Cuba, Cayman Is. and Jamaica)
  • Tyto alba nigrescens (Dominica I.)
  • Tyto alba insularis (s Lesser Antilles)
  • Tyto alba bargei (Netherlands Antilles)
  • Tyto alba contempta (w Venezuela and Colombia to Peru)
  • Tyto alba hellmayri (Guianas, n Brazil)
  • Tyto alba tuidara (c Brazil south of the Amazon to Tierra del Fuego)
  • Tyto alba punctatissima (Galápagos Is.)

Foreign names

  • Effraie des clochers,
  • Lechuza Común,
  • Coruja-das-torres,
  • Schleiereule,
  • Gyöngybagoly,
  • Kerkuil,
  • Barbagianni comune,
  • Tornuggla,
  • Tårnugle,
  • plamienka driemavá,
  • sova pálená,
  • Slørugle,
  • tornipöllö,
  • Nonnetjie-uil,
  • òliba,
  • Turnugla,
  • płomykówka (zwyczajna),
  • plīvurpūce,
  • pegasta sova,
  • Сипуха,
  • メンフクロウ,
  • 仓鸮,
  • นกแสก,
  • 倉鴞,

Voice song and cries

Effraie des clochers
First year

Habitat

Savanna : Dry ; Shrubland : Subtropical/Tropical Dry, Subtropical/Tropical Moist, Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude, Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation ; Grassland : Temperate, Subtropical/Tropical Dry, Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded, Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude ; Wetlands (inland) : Shrub Dominated Wetlands, Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands, Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha), Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) ; Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) : Caves ; Artificial/Terrestrial : Arable Land, Pastureland, Plantations, Rural Gardens, Urban Areas, Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest ; Artificial/Aquatic and Marine : Water Storage Areas (over 8ha), Wastewater Treatment Areas, Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels), Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land, Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches

Geographic range

Illustration

plus de photos

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

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