Common Tern

Sterna hirundo - Sterne pierregarin

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Charadriiformes

  • Family
    :

    Laridés

  • Genus
    :

    Sterna

  • Species
    :

    hirundo

Descriptor

Linnaeus, 1758

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 39 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 72 à 83 cm.
  • Weight
    : 90 à 150 g
Longevity

25 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) is a species of bird in the Laridae family.

Subspecific information 4 Subspecies

  • Sterna hirundo hirundo (North America to n South America, n and w Africa, Europe to nw Siberia and w China)
  • Sterna hirundo tibetana (w Himalayas to w Mongolia and Tibet)
  • Sterna hirundo minussensis (c Siberia to n Mongolia)
  • Sterna hirundo longipennis (ne Siberia to ne China)

Foreign names

  • Sterne pierregarin,
  • Charrán Común,
  • Gaivina-comum,
  • Flussseeschwalbe,
  • Küszvágó csér,
  • Visdief,
  • Sterna comune,
  • Fisktärna,
  • Makrellterne,
  • rybár riečny,
  • rybák obecný,
  • Fjordterne,
  • kalatiira,
  • Gewone Sterretjie,
  • xatrac comú,
  • Sílaþerna,
  • rybitwa rzeczna,
  • upes zīriņš,
  • navadna čigra,
  • Речная крачка,
  • Dara-laut biasa,
  • アジサシ,
  • 普通燕鸥,
  • นกนางนวลแกลบธรรมดา,
  • 普通燕鷗,

Voice song and cries

Habitat

Wetlands (inland) : Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls), Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) ; Marine Neritic : Pelagic, Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs, Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel, Subtidal Sandy, Subtidal Sandy-Mud, Macroalgal/Kelp, Seagrass (Submerged), Estuaries ; Marine Intertidal : Rocky Shoreline, Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc, Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches ; Marine Coastal/Supratidal : Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands

Geographic range

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

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