Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica - Hirondelle rustique

Systematics
  • Order 
    :

    Passeriformes

  • Family
    :

    Hirundinidés

  • Genus
    :

    Hirundo

  • Species
    :

    rustica

Descriptor

Linnaeus, 1758

Biometrics
  • Size
    : 18 cm
  • Wingspan
    : 32 à 34 cm.
  • Weight
    : 16 à 25 g
Longevity

16 years

Geographic range

Distribution

Description identification

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) is a species of bird in the Hirundinidae family.

Subspecific information 8 Subspecies

  • Hirundo rustica rustica (Europe, w and c Asia and n Africa)
  • Hirundo rustica transitiva (Lebanon, Syria, Israel and Jordan)
  • Hirundo rustica savignii (Egypt)
  • Hirundo rustica gutturalis (e Himalayas to Korea and Japan, e and s China and Taiwan)
  • Hirundo rustica tytleri (sc Siberia)
  • Hirundo rustica saturata (e Siberia)
  • Hirundo rustica mandschurica (ne China)
  • Hirundo rustica erythrogaster (Alaska, Canada and the USA to s Mexico)

Foreign names

  • Hirondelle rustique,
  • Golondrina Común,
  • Andorinha-das-chaminés,
  • Rauchschwalbe,
  • Füsti fecske,
  • Boerenzwaluw,
  • Rondine comune,
  • Ladusvala,
  • Låvesvale,
  • lastovička obyčajná,
  • vlaštovka obecná,
  • Landsvale,
  • haarapääsky,
  • Europese Swael,
  • oreneta comuna,
  • Landsvala,
  • dymówka,
  • bezdelīga,
  • kmečka lastovka,
  • Деревенская ласточка,
  • Layang-layang api,
  • ツバメ,
  • 家燕,
  • นกนางแอ่นบ้าน,
  • 家燕,

Voice song and cries

Habitat

Savanna : Dry ; Shrubland : Subtropical/Tropical Dry ; Grassland : Temperate, Subtropical/Tropical Dry ; Wetlands (inland) : Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls), Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands, Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha), Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha), Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) ; Artificial/Terrestrial : Arable Land, Pastureland, Rural Gardens, Urban Areas ; Artificial/Aquatic and Marine : Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches

Geographic range

Illustration

plus de photos

Sources of information

Other sources of interest

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